A very ambitious but helpful goal.
Researchers from Tokyo’s National Cancer Center Japan created a novel blood test that can supposedly identify up to 13 different types of cancer.
The diagnosis is done by using miRNA--small non-coding RNA molecules--to spot cancer cells in the bloodstream as types of it differs when the cell is healthy/normal. Just one drop of blood and we get to detect the illness!
“In Europe, research aimed at early detection of diseases using miRNA is being actively pursued, but there haven’t been any studies where analysis was conducted on so many patients like this one. So this should prove very useful," Prof. Masahiko Kuroda, chief of the Molecular Pathology Department of the Tokyo Medical University told The Japan News.
A lab test of the method on which researchers utilized 40,000 patients' preserved blood samples, they were able to accurately identify different types of cancer for more than 95 percent of the time. This ranges from those that affect the stomach, breast, lung, colorectal, liver, pancreas, esophagus, and even bone and soft tissue tumors.
However, the researches specified that certain changes from the blood could happen while it has been preserved. With this, they are actively working towards a clinical trial that is needed for verification. In fact, they're looking forward to conducting a test this August using fresh blood samples of 3,000 people.
If proven accurate, this would be the first single test that can diagnose multiple types of cancer--a major breakthrough on this field!
“Patients will not need to take multiple tests. In the future, it will become possible to identify cancer stages and characteristics,” Yet Takahiro Ochiya, head of the Molecular and Cellular Medicine Division at the NCC’s Research Institute, said.
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