Just when you thought those acne would leave after puberty...
Well, acne breakouts have been a problem to most of us (if not, then you're of those lucky ones). It usually heightens during our teenage years but some appears to stay until adulthood (talk about forever). However, this isn't truly completely understood among scientists.
To start with, all of us has a collection of bacteria on our skin known as microbiome. One of these is called Propionibacterium acnes
which is obviously (by its name) associated with acne. Thing is, this is also found on healthy skin free of those nasty breakouts.
With this, researchers of a new study utilized pore-cleansing strips to examine skin follicle samples. They've differentiated these from those with and without acne using DNA sequencing. Results showed that these bacteria actually comes in two strains with some genetic differences.
For those without acne, the P. acnes
strain is believed to help prevent bacteria from colonizing the skin. Conversely, those who have are believed to contain P. acnes
strain with higher levels of genes associated with virulence, which also produces and transports bacterial toxins that damages the skin.
While the research has only been presented at a conference as an update to previous a paper
, the findings could possibly be used to create a new way of treating acne. That is, instead of utilizing old-school antibiotics that actually kills all facial bacteria both harmful and beneficial, we can soon either encourage the growth of healthy bacteria and/or kill off the harmful ones.
This new understanding on how microbes affect us could generally mean we'll have a more targeted treatment. So, for those who don't seem to understand why they're still full of acne, take heart: we'll soon have a new treatment promising a healthier skin!