The greatest minds can't help it. They seek the vast universe for where else could humanity go if ever we, occupants of the Earth, finally destroyed our one and only home. There are several candidates, but the one that stood out is one of Saturn's moons, Titan.
For several years, we thought Mars had the greatest potential of sustaining and supporting human life. Mars had large bodies of water and rain-producing atmosphere, but those are now gone. Water on Mars is now replaced with peroxide filled toxic substances harmful for humans. Thus, clearly, Mars is now crossed out on the list.
In 2004, NASA's Cassini probe, landed on Saturn. It flew over to one of Saturn's moons and discovered something shocking. Titan had "something that looked smooth, like a lake,” with “branching shapes that looked exactly like the channels, bays, and coves of a shoreline on Earth.”
And it's true, Titan really has liquid surfaces. However, this liquid is made with ethane and methane that may harm our fragile bodies. Despite of this, Charles Wohlforth and Amanda R. Hendrix, Ph.D., the authors of “Beyond Earth: Our Path to a New Home in the Planets
” say, methane can be used as a source of energy.
Titan also has a potential source of water since its surface is made of ice or slush filled with tons of oxygen. Using devices like a nuclear reactor, ice can release water, which can be used for breathing and a source of energy.
Experts also learned that Saturn's moon is filled with nitrogen. Nitrogen has a lot of similarity with oxygen, which will make burning fuel and breathing possible.
Though, there are features of Titan that may support human life, there are still cons to be considered. One of those is that the gravity in this place is extremely lower than the Earth. Only 16 percent of Earth's to be exact.
People can effortlessly fly if attached with wing gliders. Though, it's fun to think that we can casually fly on Titan, this has undesirable effects on health. Organs can be deformed, and children who will be born on Titan may have weaker hearts.
If humanity would live on Saturn's moon, going back to Earth may not be anymore possible. People who will reside on Titan may have irreversible changes in the body that would make it impossible to bear the Earth's gravity.