Scientists involved in nuclear studies and development has finally made a breakthrough with one of its experiments. With the success of 'Artificial Sun', China has put itself in front of the practical application of fusion power.
The Institute of Plasma Physics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Jiangsu province housed an experimental thermonuclear reactor known as the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). It replicates energy-producing power of the sun.
In February, the Chinese scientists produced a nuclear reactor plasma that reached 50 million Kelvins (or, 49.999 million degrees Celsius). That's a temperature thrice as hot as the sun’s 15 million Kelvins core.
According to them, the temperature “roughly the same as the mid-sized thermonuclear explosion.”
To replicate the core power of the sun using a man-made machine is impressive!
Obtaining high-confinement plasma in full one minute is a breakthrough!
The experiment aimed to replicate the sun's nuclear fusion processing within its core.
Nuclear fusion and nuclear fission are two different processes. The EAST reactor that is housed by the Chinese Academy performed the nuclear fusion, wherein atoms are fused together to create massive amount of energy using hot ionised gas known as plasma.
Nuclear fission, scatters the atoms to create roughly the same amount of energy.
This experiment will highlight the importance of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) which is the largest international program for thermonuclear fusion experiments.
Son of the Sun!