The small Kurdish city of Bassetki hid a large ancient city dating back to 3000 BC. More amazing discoveries inside the hidden city were unearthed by group of archaeologists and experts in antiquities.
The group of archaeologists from Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Studies (IANES) at Tübingen University led by Professor Peter Pfälzner made the exciting discovery. Part of the discovery team is Dr. Hasan Qasim from Dohuk.
Their report said these layers of discoveries revealed an Akkaddian Empire settlement, a period dating 2340-2200 BC. The scientists believed that the Akkadian Empire is the first empire in the world.
Photo by Peter Pfalzner
The relics discovered in the excavation highlighted the significance of the settlement in its past glory.
Walls ran around the city dating back in 2700 BC. They stretched in the upper portion of the city to protect the citizens from invaders.
Huge stone structures stood erected in 1800 BC. The discovery of fragments of Assyrian cuneiform at the site lead to a theory. The scholars believe that there might be an existing temple built for the Mesopotamian weather god Adad in the 1300 BC. The scients also discovered a lower town just a kilometer away from the site.
Through geomagnetic resistance for measurements, the experts found an advanced city complete with road networks, residential districts and palatial buildings. Anatolia and Mesopotamia had its link with this ancient city through a road network via an overland roadway that dates back to 1800 BC.
In 1975 the fragment of the statue of Naram-sin of Akkad was also discovered in Bassetki.
Pfälzner explained that these city network discoveries had proven Bassetki
as an unexpectedly rich cultural region.
Further studies will still be conducted in the area. The series of research and excavation will resume in 2017. It will be funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation.