Researchers found that suicide attempts proved to be a strong predictor of completed suicide as previously thought. Suicide risk is nearly 60% higher than the previous reports of individuals making their first suicide attempt, including those whose first suicide attempts were fatal.
Michael Bostwick, M.D, a Mayo Clinic Rochester psychiatrist
said, “We hoped to address the shortcomings of earlier studies by including two groups previously overlooked by other studies. Our study enrolled individuals whose first-ever suicide attempt presented to medical attention. Not only did we include those who survived this initial attempt, but we also included those who died on their first attempt and ended up on the coroner's slab rather than in the emergency room. These are large groups that have been routinely ignored in calculation of risk.”
The study just proved that nearly 60% of individuals attempting suicide died during their first attempt.
"Almost no other study in the literature includes individuals who die on that first attempt. A large part of the reason that such a high proportion of the total suicides occurred on first attempt can be attributed to firearm usage. The results show that it is a 140 time more likely for firearms to cause suicide, compared to all other methods. That means nearly three-fourths of all deaths at first suicide attempt were caused by using firearms. This shows that guns are, unfortunately, but not surprisingly, remarkably effective," Dr. Bostwick added.
The research also revealed
that one-third of men over 65 are associated with higher suicide risk. The male-female ratio of suicide is 1.7 to 1.
Suicide is one of the top 10 most common causes of deaths in the U.S.