Women can do science and they are quite good at it. It should not be the secret that women who are into science are suffering from stereotypes even in this circles.
Some researchers and professors won't even look at someone's work only because it is written by a woman. This can be a proof of irrational thinking of some of the most educated people around the world. I don't want to sound like a 'fedora guy' but I've seen myself that this is one of the major problems in terms of how things work in scientific society. So, in order to debunk thinking that women are not able to think big, here are some of them that did so much for science and you've probably not hear of them.
Amalie 'Emmy' Noether (1882 - 1935) – A German-born mathematician, Noether was a co-founder of abstract algebra, despite discrimination because of her gender, weight, and Jewish ancestry, according to Swaby. Einstein described her as "the most significant mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began."
Hedy Lamarr (1913- 2000) – Born Hedwig Kiesler in Austria, Lamarr was already a famous movie star in 1941 when she devised a frequency-hopping communications technology -- one resistant to enemy jamming -- to guide Allied torpedoes during World War II. The technology was applied commercially more than three decades later in wireless cash registers and bar-code readers.
Ruth Benerito (1916 - 2013) – The New Orleans-born chemist developed a means of making durable, wrinkle-free cotton that essentially saved the struggling cotton industry after the invention of polyester and other synthetic fabrics.
Lynn Margulis (1938 - 2011) – This American biologist wrote a paper based on her idea that cells cooperate and form symbiotic relationships rather than competitive ones, as was previously thought. Her paper was rejected 15 times before it was published.
Dr. Barbara McClintock – A leader in genetics research, McClintock used corn to develop an understanding of transposition: the idea that genes turn physical characteristics on and off. Unrecognized for years, she received the 1983 Nobel Prize for Medicine at age 81.
Elsie Widdowson (1908 - 2000) – In 1934, Widdowson found that iron was absorbed through the skin rather than excreted. The British chemist and dietitian published "The Chemical Composition of Foods," with a groundbreaking 15,000 food nutritional values, in 1940 along with research partner Robert McCance. She studied the effects of fluid and salt on the body and kidneys and created bread designed to combat malnutrition during World War II.
Dr. Alice Hamilton (1869 - 1970) – Born in Fort Wayne, Indiana, Hamilton was a pioneer in the field of toxicology. She researched the effects of lead poison on factory workers, isolated a typhoid fever outbreak in 1922, and lent her expertise to help crack down on the sale of cocaine to children in Chicago during the 1920s. She was the first female faculty member of Harvard Medical School.
Alice Catherine Evans (1881 - 1975) – Evans studied two strains of bacteria that caused severe health problems among cattle. Before her research, the two strains were considered entirely separate. Evans discovered that the bacteria in question, Bacillus abortus, and Micrococcus melitensis, were not only related but were capable of affecting humans as well. The strains are now combined under one genus: Brucellosis.
Grace Murray Hopper (1906 - 1992) – Hopper coined the term "computer bug" when she found a moth physically in her computer. Hopper joined the U.S. Naval Reserve as a mathematician despite being physically unqualified. She wrote a 561-page manual on the Mark 1 -- a 51-foot long, 5-ton computer. She designed the first compiler, known as A-O, which simplified binary code.
Mary Cartwright (1900 - 1998) – Seen here with fellow mathematician Charles Pugh, Cartwright combined previous equations to solve scattered radio frequencies. She dabbled in chaos theory, a mathematical study focusing on the behavior of dynamic systems that change wildly based on small differences in initial conditions.
source - http://edition.cnn.com