How Nuclear Power Plants Work and Advantages of it

Admin | Published 2016-07-28 14:04
Currently, fossil fuels are consumed faster than they are produced, so in the next future these resources may be reduced or the price may increase becoming inaccessible for most of the population. Until we find a better solution it looks like we should rely on nuclear power plants. The advantage of these plants is that it takes less fuel to make more energy. It represents a significant save on raw materials but also in transport, handling and extraction of nuclear fuel. The cost of nuclear fuel (overall uranium) is 20% of the cost of energy generated. So, how exactly nuclear power plants work? Take a look at this animation in video below: [embed]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UwexvaCMWA[/embed] Advantages of nuclear energy:

Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions

As per the reports in 1998, it has been calculated the emission of the greenhouse gas has reduced by nearly half due to the popularity in the use of nuclear power. Nuclear energy by far has the lowest impact on the environment since it does not releases any gases like carbon dioxide, methane which are largely responsible for a greenhouse effect. There is no adverse effect on water, land or any habitats due to the use of it. Though some greenhouse gases are released while transporting fuel or extracting energy from uranium.

Powerful and Efficient

The other main advantage of using nuclear energy is that it is very powerful and efficient than other alternative energy sources. Advancement in technologies has made it more viable option than others. This is one the reason that many countries are putting huge investments in nuclear power. At present, a small portion of world’s electricity comes through it.

Reliable

Unlike traditional sources of energy like solar and wind which require sun or wind to produce electricity, nuclear energy can be produced from nuclear power plants even in the cases of rough weather conditions. They can produce power 24/7 and need to be shut down for maintenance purposes only.

 Cheap Electricity

The cost of uranium which is used as a fuel in generating electricity is quite low. Also, set up costs of nuclear power plants is relatively high while running cost is low. The average life of nuclear reactor ranges from 4.-60 years depending upon its usage. These factors when combined make the cost of producing electricity very low. Even if the cost of uranium rises, the increase in the cost of electricity will be much lower.

 Low Fuel Cost

The main reason behind the low fuel cost is that it requires a little amount of uranium to produce energy. When a nuclear reaction happens, it releases million times more energy as compared to traditional sources of energy.

Supply

There are certain economic advantages in setting up nuclear power plants and using nuclear energy in place of conventional energy. It is one of the major sources of electricity throughout the nation. The best part is that this energy has a continuous supply. It is widely available, has huge reserves and expected to last for another 100 years while coal, oil, and natural gas are limited and are expected to vanish soon.

Easy Transportation

Production of nuclear energy needs very less amount of raw material. This means that only about 28 gram of uranium releases as much energy as produced from 100 metric tons of coal. Since it’s required in small quantities, transportation of fuel is much easier than fossil fuels. Optimal utilization of natural resources in the production of energy is a very thoughtful approach for any nation. It not only enhances the socio-economic condition but also sets an example for the other countries. Despite the high level of sophistication of the safety systems of nuclear power plants, the human aspect has always an impact. Facing an unexpected event or managing a nuclear accident we don't have any guarantee that decisions we took are always the best. Two good examples are Chernobyl and Fukushima.   source - http://www.conserve-energy-future.com
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