Beautiful Lava Flow of Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano

Admin | Published 2016-07-12 14:04
Like all Hawaiian volcanoes, Kīlauea was created as the Pacific tectonic plate moved over the Hawaiian hotspot in the Earth's underlying mantle. The Hawaii island volcanoes are the most recent evidence of this process that, over 70 million years, has created the 6,000 km (3,700 mi)-long Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. [embed]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11KoHEswm-c[/embed] The interesting fact about the Kilauea volcano is that it has been constantly erupting since 1983.  In December 2014, the June 27 flow from the ongoing eruption threatened to enter the town of Pahoa, and to cut Highway 130, the only route into and out of Lower Puna. As a result, work was begun to reopen Chain of Craters Road, initially as a one-lane gravelled surface, and to make Railroad Avenue and Government Beach Road usable as emergency routes. However the flow stopped just short of entering Pahoa, and by March 2015 the threat to the town was much reduced.

Lava making its way towards the ocean across the coastal plain. The form of lava here is pāhoehoe, characterized by the smooth appearance of the cooled lava.

  The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) has been monitoring the eruption for years, taking gorgeous photos and videos along with their data collection. Currently, they report that Kilauea is still showing activity in two locations, at the summit, where a gorgeous lava lake is located, and in the East Rift Zone, with a stream of lava flowing from an area called Puʻu ʻŌʻō towards the sea.

A crust of hardened rock is pushed up by the lava flowing underneath.

 

The flow making its way across the coastal plain, July 2, 2016

  source - http://www.popsci.com/
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